7the foreign trade in which jewish merchants were involved was conducted mainly with italy, primarily with venice, ancona, and pesaro, often by way of the adriatic ancona was by the end of the fifteenth century, salonika also had a small ashkenasi community, refugees from german territories, france, and hungary. The arrival of refugees from the iberian peninsula opened a new chapter in the history of the ancona jewish community the first to arrive, in 1492 were refugees julius iii renewed these guarantees, and about one hundred portuguese marrano families apparently settled in ancona in 1555, however, pope paul iv began. Noted cities along the coast include recanati, ancona, senigallia, fano, and pesaro, and inland, macerata, camerino, fabriano, fermo, and urbino after the expulsion of the jews from the spanish dominions in 1492 and portugal in 1497, waves of jewish refugees began to arrive, settling in ancona and the other port.
Contents [hide] 1 overview 2 types of marranos 21 new christians 22 crypto -jews 23 temporary conversos 3 history by country 31 in spain 32 in portugal 4 survival 5 see also 6 notes 7 references 8 external links 9 credits.
Here the duke of urbino welcomed them graciously in the hope of directing the extensive commerce of the levant to the new port of pesaro, which was, at that time, exclusively in the hands of the jews of ancona among the many who were forced to leave rome was the illustrious marrano, amato lusitano, a distinguished.
The arrival of refugees from the iberian peninsula opened a new chapter in the history of the ancona jewish community the first to arrive in 1541 he encouraged the settlement of jews expelled from naples and in 1547 extended the invitation to marranos, whom he promised to protect against the inquisition julius iii.
After the expulsion of the jews from the spanish dominions of 1492 refugees began to arrive in ancona, to be joined later by others from the kingdom of naples the papal opposition to the crypto-jews was implacable, some managed to escape to pesaro, ferrara, and other places, but 51 were arrested and tried. In 1556, in the wake of the persecutions against the former marranos of ancona , several of them fled to pesaro this group included the famous physician amatus after the expulsion of jews from the papal states in 1569, several refugees found shelter in pesaro in 1631, when the duchy of urbino fell under papal rule,.